Left ventricular hypertrophy

Definition

Left ventricular hypertrophy is the thickening (hypertrophy) of the walls of the main pumping chamber of the heart (left ventricle).

Symptoms

As the hypertrophy of the left ventricle progresses, you can present the following:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain, often after exercising
  • Sensation of rapid heartbeat, strong as fluttering (palpitations)
  • Dizziness or fainting

Causes

  • High blood pressure (hypertension) This is the most common cause of left ventricular hypertrophy. That is, more than a third of the people show evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy when they receive the diagnosis of hypertension.
  • Aortic valve stenosis. This disease consists of the narrowing of the aortic valve that separates the left ventricle from the large blood vessel (aorta) that comes out of the heart. Therefore, the narrowing of the aortic valve causes the left ventricle to work more to pump blood into the aorta.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This genetic disease occurs when the heart muscle swells abnormally. Even if you have normal blood pressure, which makes it difficult for your heart to pump blood.
  • Athletic training. The training of strength and intense and prolonged strength can make the heart adapt to the workload. It is unclear whether this athletic type of left ventricular hypertrophy can cause heart muscle stiffness and disease.

Risk Factors

  • The age. I mean, this is more common among the elderly.
  • Weight. Overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure and suffering.
  • A family history. Some genetic disorders are associated with the development of the disease as well.
  • Diabetes. Left ventricular hypertrophy has been found to be associated with an increased risk of having diabetes.
  • Race. African-American people are at higher risk of presenting left ventricular hypertrophy than white people with similar blood pressure measurements.
  • Sex. Hypertensive women are at higher risk of presenting left ventricular hypertrophy than men with similar blood pressure measurements

Prevention

  • Controls high blood pressure. Buy a blood pressure meter for your home and control your blood pressure frequently. Program regular checkups with the doctor.
  • Find the time to do physical activity. Regular physical activity helps lower blood pressure and keep it at normal levels. Try to make 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most days of the week.
  • Keep a healthy diet. Avoid foods with high saturated fat content and salt, and eat more fruits and vegetables. Avoid alcoholic beverages or bébelas in moderation.
  • You stop smoking. In other words, quitting smoking improves your overall health and prevents heart attacks.


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